Bible Questions

Bible Questions

What happened when Christ died upon the Cross?

He offered up Himself as a sacrifice, bearing the punishment due to sinners, fulfilling God's plan whereby men and women might be reconciled to Him through Christ.

The Cross cannot be understood unless the plight of men and women in their sin is understood and appreciated.

We are in danger of perishing (John 3:16).

We have all sinned against God (Romans 3:23).

Our sins have separated us from God (Isaiah 59:2).

Sin has brought death upon us as its wages (Romans 5:12; Romans 6:23).

We are by nature the objects of God's wrath (John 3:36; Ephesians 2:3).

The Cross was no accident but the set purpose and plan of God (Acts 2:23).

Before the world was founded God the Father determined that His Son should fulfil the function of a Saviour for sinners (1 Peter 1:20).

The Father and the Son entered into a compact and a covenant. The Son was to accomplish the work assigned to Him (John 12:27; John 17:2, John 17:4), and the Father promised that as a result a great number of men and women from all nations would be given to Him as His inheritance (Psalms 2:7-8) and He should be supreme Head to the Church (Ephesians 1:22; Philippians 2:7-11; Hebrews 12:2).

The world was prepared for the great event of the Cross by many symbols and illustrations:

Christ bore the punishment due to sinners.

The initiative in the Cross was God's.

Loving the world so much God gave His Son (John 3:16).

It was God's will to crush Him and cause Him to suffer (Isaiah 53:10).

The bitter experience of the Cross was accepted by the Son as the Father's will (Matthew 26:39, Matthew 26:42).

The design of the whole plan of Christ's atoning death for our sins and His satisfying God's anger against us was the Father's (Romans 3:25).

Christ willingly died upon the Cross.

Before the creation of the world Christ had committed Himself willingly to the Cross (Isaiah 50:4-7; Hebrews 10:5-10; 1 Peter 1:20).

He laid down His life (John 10:11, John 10:18).

He poured out His life to death (Isaiah 53:12).

He gave Himself up as an offering and a sacrifice to God (Ephesians 5:2).

Christ bore the punishment due to sinners.

He bore the sin of many (Isaiah 53:12; 1 Peter 2:24).

He bore the wrath of God against sin that sinners deserve (John 3:36; Romans 1:18; 1 John 2:2; 1 John 4:10).

He bore the curse of the law that sinners through their disobedience deserve to experience - death and separation from God (Galations 3:10, Galations 3:13; Isaiah 59:2; Romans 5:12; Mark 15:34).

He bore the pains of death and the grave that sinners deserve (Psalms 18:5; Mark 15:33-34).

We cannot overemphasize either the worth or the eternal character of Christ's sacrifice.

The punishment He suffered was sufficient to satisfy for the transgressions of all because He who suffered was not only a man, but God also. He was of infinitely more value than all those who had offended (Romans 5:9; Hebrews 9:13-14).

His sacrifice was final - once and for all - and utterly sufficient for all time (1 Peter 3:18; Hebrews 9:26; Hebrews 10:11-14).

The benefits achieved by Christ's death.

The justice of God was satisfied (Isaiah 53:11).

Redemption from the power of sin, death and hell was made possible for sinners:

The new covenant that God had promised was confirmed:

Grace and glory are assured for all who enter into this new covenant:

These benefits may be summed up in the word 'reconciliation'. Through God's work in Christ of reconciling the world to Himself, our sins and misdeeds need no longer be counted against us (2 Corinthians 5:18-19). United to Christ we may receive a new life altogether (2 Corinthians 5:17) and be declared righteous by God (2 Corinthians 5:21).

Only by Christ's death may we be reconciled to God. The message of the gospel is plain: be reconciled to God through Christ (2 Corinthians 5:18-20).