Bible Questions

Bible Questions

How do we know that Christ is both God and man?

In both the Old and the New Testaments Christ is declared to be both God and man, united in one person. Many infallible proofs of the truth of this mystery are provided.

The Old Testament prophecies spoke of the coming Messiah, or Christ, as both God and man.

The Psalms provide many examples of such prophecies (Psalms 2; Psalms 22; Psalms 45; Psalms 72; Psalms 110).

Christ's human and divine nature was portrayed by Isaiah (Isaiah 9:6-7).

The prophecies concerning the Messiah, that took for granted His deity, spoke also of His body, or His humanity (Isaiah 50:6).

Micah prophesied that the Christ to be born was One whose 'origins are from of old, from ancient times' (Micah 5:2).

It was only by Christ being both God and man that salvation could be obtained for sinful men and women.

The New Testament speaks of Christ as both God and man.

Christ, who is God, was made man, without ceasing to be God (John 1:1-3, John 1:14) - He was made in human likeness, He was revealed in human form (Philippians 2:7-8).

As the apostle John expresses it, 'The Word became flesh and made his dwelling among us. We have seen his glory, the glory of the One and Only, who came from the Father, full of grace and truth' (John 1:14).

The testimony of the apostles was that the man Christ Jesus was the Word, the Son of God (1 John 1:1-3).

That Christ became flesh did not mean that His deity was any the less: in Him 'all the fulness of the Deity lives in bodily form' (Colossians 2:9).

Christ's virgin conception points to His perfect deity and perfect humanity.

He was born of a human mother, without a human father (Luke 2:6-7; Galations 4:4).

He became flesh through being conceived by the power of the Holy Spirit in the womb of Mary (Matthew 1:20); the Holy Spirit came upon her, and the power of the Most High overshadowed her; these facts explain the holiness of the child, and His identity as the Son of God (Luke 1:35).

The virgin conception had been promised by God through the prophet Isaiah (Isaiah 7:14; Isaiah 8:8; Matthew 1:23). Through this event God began to fulfil His promises made throughout the centuries that He would Himself visit and redeem His people (Matthew 1:21-24; Luke 1:31-38, Luke 1:68-75; Luke 2:10-20, Luke 2:29-32).

We are given ample proof of Christ's deity.

Passages of Scripture in the Old Testament speaking of the Lord Jehovah are applied to Christ in the New Testament (Numbers 21:5-6, compared with 1 Corinthians 10:9; Psalms 102:25-27, compared with Hebrews 1:10; Isaiah 6:1-10, compared with John 12:40-41; Isaiah 8:13,14, compared with Luke 2:34; Romans 9:33; Isaiah 40:3-4, compared with John 1:23; Isaiah 45:22-23, compared with Romans 14:11, Philippians 2:10-11; Malachi 3:1, compared with Matthew 11:10).

Works and activity that particularly belong to God are said to belong to Christ: for example, creation (John 1:3; 1 Corinthians 8:6; Hebrews 1:2); the sustaining of the universe (Hebrews 1:3; John 5:17); and miracles (John 20:30; compared with John 2:11).

Characteristics that belong to God alone are said to belong to Christ: for example, He is everywhere (Matthew 28:20; John 14:23; Ephesians 3:17); He is eternal (John 1:1; Revelation 1:11; Micah 5:2); He is unchanging (Hebrews 1:11-12; Hebrews 13:8); He knows all things (John 21:17; Revelation 2:23); He has majesty and glory equal to His Father (John 5:23; Philippians 1:2; Philippians 2:6, Philippians 2:9-10; Revelation 5:13).

The names given to Him bear witness to His deity: for example, He is clearly called God (John 1:1; John 1:20; John 1:28; Acts 20:28; Romans 9:5; Philippians 2:6; 1 Timothy 3:16; Hebrews 1:8); He is called the Son of God (John 1:18; Romans 8:3); He is called Lord (1 Corinthians 8:5-6) - 'Lord' being the word used in the Greek translation of the Old Testament for the name of God, 'Jehovah' or' Yahweh'.

We are given ample proof of His humanity.

God sent His own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh - the word 'likeness' implies that Jesus was similar to sinful human beings in His earthly life, yet not absolutely like them (Romans 8:3; Philippians 2:7), because He was without sin (Hebrews 4:15).

He shared our humanity (Hebrews 2:14).

He had all that is essential in a human being: a body (Luke 24:39; Hebrews 2:17; 10:5; 1 John 1:1); a soul (Matthew 26:38; Mark 14:34); a will (Matthew 26:39), affections (Mark 3:5; Luke 10:21; John 11:5), and particular abilities (Luke 2:52).

He knew tiredness (John 4:6), thirst (John 4:7; John 19:28), tears (John 11:35; Hebrews 5:7), and all human weakness, with one exception (Hebrews 4:15).

He shared fully in all our experiences, especially in the realm of temptation, except that He never sinned (2 Corinthians 5:21; Hebrews 4:15; 1 Peter 2:22).

Possessing a human body Christ endured physical suffering (1 Peter 4:1); He was put to death in the body (1 Peter 3:18).

It was only by Christ being both God and man that salvation could be obtained for sinful men and women.

Christ's body was a fundamental part of God's plan of salvation (Hebrews 10:5).

God the Father caused Christ to be made flesh of a pure virgin, to live among men and women, that He might be obedient to death, even death on a cross (Isaiah 50:6; John 1:14; Luke 1:35; Philippians 2:8; 1 Timothy 3:16).

The reconciliation, that God purposed, was accomplished by Christ's death in His physical body (Ephesians 2:15,16; Colossians 1:22).

The new and living way for sinners into God's presence by the blood of Christ was possible solely by means of Christ's taking human flesh upon Himself (Hebrews 10:19-20).

It was by becoming a human being, that, going through death as a man, He destroyed him who had the power of death, that is, the devil, and set free those who lived their whole lives in slavery to their fear of death (Hebrews 2:14-15).

Through taking human nature upon Him, He has made it possible for sinners to escape from the corruption that is in the world, and participate in the divine nature (2 Peter 1:4).

It was necessary that Christ should become man that the human nature that had offended should suffer. By His substitutionary death, He satisfied God's just wrath against our sins and made atonement for them (Hebrews 2:10-18). There is only one God and one Mediator who can reconcile God and people, the man Christ Jesus (1 Timothy 2:5).

Christ's perfect deity and perfect humanity are essentials of the Christian faith.

Fundamental to the Christian faith is that Christ, the Son of God, came 'in the flesh' (1 John 4:2; 2 John 7).

Any denial of the reality of Christ's 'flesh', that is to say, that He was not truly a man, is heresy (1 John 2:22-25; 1 John 4:1-3; 1 John 5:5-12; 2 John 7, 2 John 9-11).

The fact of Christ being the Word made flesh - what we call 'The Incarnation' - is beyond the understanding of the human mind.

That Christ is truly God and perfect man is a mystery, revealed to us in the Scriptures, yet beyond our complete understanding, being something that causes even the angels to admire the wisdom and goodness of God (1 Timothy 3:16; 1 Peter 1:12).